Tips for teachers for the classroom

  • Using laptop in the classroom

Laptop computer in the classroom for dyslexic students, can make a huge change for dyslexic students success in learning. The computer allows the student to have everything at their finger tips and easy to organise there studies.

  • Keep stress low

Stress in the classroom can make a dyslexic student make more errors in their work. There are a number of methods to reduce stress:-

  • group work
  • research work
  • brainstorming

 

  • Oral testing

Tests are read to the student (or provided pre-recorded on audio tape), and student are allowed to give answers orally (or tape record their answers)

  • Un-timed tests

Dyslexic students do not perform well under time pressure. It also takes them longer to read the questions, compose the answers in their head and get it down on paper. Eliminate or reduce spelling tests

  • Don’t force oral reading

Teachers should never force students with dyslexia to read out loud in front of the class. If for some reason this is absolutely necessary, warn the student in advance and show them exactly which passage they will have to read so they can practice ahead of time.

  • Accept dictated homework

Dyslexia students can dictate answers much more easily and quickly then they can write them down. All parents to act as a scribe.

  • Reduce homework load

Many teachers create homework assignments by estimating how long it would take a normal students to complete it. They may not realisze it takes a dyslexic student 3 or 4 times longers to complete the same assignment. Teachers should agree to a maximum time to spend on homework. Parents should sign the end of the homework page showing the amount of time spent on the assignment.

  • Grade on content, not spelling and handwriting

Some teachers take  spelling and handwriting  into consideration when assigning a grade. For dyslexic children, this is not appropriate. Teachers should be asked to grade only on the content of an assignment.

  • Reduce copying tasks

It takes dyslexic students longer to copy information from the board, and if they have dysgraphia, they may not be to able to read their notes. So provide lecture notes or discreetly assign a fellow student to act as a scribe using NCR paper

  • Alternate assignments

Teachers should offer alternative ways to show mastery of material other than a long written. Alternatives could include oral or video presentations, dioramas, collages or debates.

  • Avoid or reduce essay tests

Use match up, fill in the blank, or short answer formats for teachers. List vocabulary words for fill in the blank sections at the top of the exam.

  • Multiple choice questions

Multiple choice questions are also difficult for dyslexic students due to the volume of reading required to answer them correctly.

  • Conduct a class review session before a test

Provide a study guide with key terms and concepts to the students.

  • Ask the student how he/she learns best

Often dyslexia students can explain strategies and techniques that help them learn to teachers. These are usually  easy to incorporate into a classroom.

  • Technology tools

Computer technology makes the lives of dyslexic student much less difficult while they are acquiring their basic reading, writing and spelling skills.

  • Naturally speaking

Speech recognition software that runs on personal computers. Software comes with on his or her voice. The hardest part for a dyslexic person is training the software on his or her voice, as he or she must read out loud passages displayed on the screen.

  • Help with assignments and written work

Give specific instructions and use simple, unambiguous language. Be explicit in your explanation of the assignment. Allow assignment to be word processed. Signpost the student towards help with planning.

  • Brainstorming and mind mapping

These techniques are a great method to put short piece of information about a topic on paper. The techniques allows the student to build a over all understanding of a topic.

 

 

 

 

  • Producing paper work

Keep writing style in short simple sentences. Avoid dense blocks of text by using short paragraphs.

  • Font and type

Use sans serif fonts such as Arial, comic sans. Try not to use Timer New Roman font. Try and keep the font size 12 or more. Expand the spacing between letters and lines. Use bold to highlight rather than Italics or underlining. Avoid underlining titles or key words – it can make the words run together.

  • Layout of text

Keep lines left justified with a jagged right edge. Try using boxes or indented spacing between lines to break up text. Use bullets or indented spacing between lines to break up text. Wider spacing (2 spaces) between sentences. Use wider margins. Make use of headings. Keep a blank line between paragraphs.

  • Presentation of information

Use coloured paper instead of white. There is no consenses on colour as individuals need different backgrounds. However there does seem to be some preference for cream or pink paper.

Keep the design of leaflets simple. Background graphics can make text difficult to read. Do not use a variety of fonts.

  • Notice boards

White boards in foyers, would be easier to read if the writing were printed and in colour. Use print rather than joined writing on boards. Notice boards positioned at an angle are often easier to read.

  • Alternative ideas for presenting information

Flow charts are ideal for explaining procedures. Pictograms and graphics help to locate information. Lists of do’s and don’ts are more useful than continuous text to highlight aspects of good practice.

Provide a glossary of abbreviations and jargon. Include a contents page at the beginning and index at end.

 

 

 

 

  • text-reading software

To enable text-reading software to be effective. Paper documents (which may be scanned into a computer) and web pages need:

  • full stops after headings
  • number bullet points
  • no words in capital letters
  • as few signs as possible, especially no brackets or slashes.

We will be happy to hear your thoughts

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